India shares 16% of the world population, while its land is only 2% of the total geographical area of the world. The pressure on the land is often beyond its carrying capacity. Therefore, the productive lands, especially the farmlands in the India are in the constant process of various degrees of degradation and are fast turning into wastelands. At present, approximately 68.35 million hectare area of the land is lying as wastelands in India. Out of these lands, approximately 50% lands are such non-forest lands, which can be made fertile again if treated properly. However, reclamation of wastelands also affects the livelihoods of pastoralists, fishermen and nomadic farmers who are often dependent on these traditional “commons” lands.