One of the Fundamental Duties in the Constitution of India enjoins the citizens to “cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our struggle for freedom”. On political methods, it leaves open the question whether the Moderates or Extremists are to be regarded as worthy of emulation. The Extremists were more popular in their day, and being the political rivals of the Moderates, they ridiculed their methods. While it is now generally acknowledged that the Moderates’ work in the national struggle was significant, academic focus on the ‘Moderate Era’ continues to be far less bestowed than it is worthy of. Arguably the most important of the Moderates’ contribution to postindependence India is the liberal philosophy they exemplified and on which the Constitution is based. (Read More)
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