The article circles around the period of 1920-1921 when in the backdrop of the Khilafat Movement, Congress had launched the Non-Cooperation Movement. The anti-British sentiments fulled by these agitation made fertile grounds for Muslim Mapillahs of south Malabar to revolt against the British, blaming them for their economic misery. The British had introduced new tenancy laws that tremendously favored the Landlords while throwing the tenant farmers into the ditches. As recently there have been many controversies regarding the Mapillah rebellion of 1921, non-partisan analyses of the uprising make it clear that multiple factors such as economic distress, anger against foreign rule, rigorous tenancy laws, and religious zeal, all contributed to the character of this agrarian movement for anti-colonialism and religious fanaticism.
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