Anti-defection laws were enacted to deter such opportunism but politicians and political parties are always a step ahead of the law; despite rampant defections, few defectors, if any, have paid a penalty for their misdeeds. The reason is not far to seek. Money power is often the deciding factor in elections; extra-large electorates, both in terms of population and area, combined with the expectation of gifts of money, freebies and liquor by electors ensures that all serious candidates have to spend huge sums, which are to be recouped before the next election. (Read More)
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