Rising incomes, uncontrolled and unplanned urbanisation, and changing lifestyles have resulted in increased volumes and changing composition of municipal solid waste in India. About 62 million tonnes of waste is generated every year in India, of which less than 60% is collected and around 15% processed ultimately finding its way into landfills. Landfills in India rank third in the world in terms of greenhouse gas emissions in India. The Government of India revised the Solid Waste Management Rules after 16 years to deal with massive heap of solid waste. However, its implementation remains far from what was targeted.