The Western Ghats extend from the river Tapti in the north to the southern tip of India. The Western Ghats are a global biodiversity hotspot and a veritable treasure house of biodiversity. The Western Ghats contain more than 30 per cent of all plants, fishes, bird, and mammal species found in India.
Over the years illegal mining, human encroachments and unplanned urbanisation have posed threat to the Western Ghats. The Kerala floods of 2018 and 2019 are the example of consequences if the Western Ghats are destroyed.