Partition and Independence

News Today 09.09.2022

On 15 August 1947, amidst the ecstasy of freedom, deaths of millions in communal riots were forgotten. Our leaders were too busy with the power game to worry about the displaced people in the refugee camps. But we should seriously introspect how a sordid drama had led to such horror, and how our leaders played into the hands of our former colonial ruler. It is true that Jinnah’s obsession with Pakistan demand was the principal factor leading to the Partition. He himself said in 1948, “If I hadn’t been a fanatic there would never have been Pakistan’’. But, Jinnah was not alone in this game of division. There were others. Some of them encouraged him with a specific plan of retaining their control, and some surrendered to his diabolical scheme to capture political power. Let us start with a few instances of British support to Jinnah’s Pakistan agenda. Jinnah told Sir E. (Read More)

The end game was played when political power was transferred to India in 1947. In the name of Independence, Dominion Status was granted to us. H V Hodson, the British advisor to the Viceroy of India, said in his ‘The Great Divide’ that Dominion Status meant full nationhood within the British Commonwealth. Hodson defended the British perspective on dominion status and it is quite understandable that he would avoid any explanation as to how the Dominions could become free nations despite their common allegiance to the British Crown. But, how did our leaders accept Dominion Status as independence and decide to join the Commonwealth? Britain’s Imperial strategy underlying membership of the Commonwealth was revealed long before 1947 in the Balfour Report. The Balfour Report was prepared by the Committee on Inter-Imperial Relations at the Imperial Conference held in London in 1926. (Read More)

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