Bose and Russia

News Today 01.08.2022

Netaji’s effort to seek outside help for India’s independence often raised questions about contradictions between his leanings towards Russia and decision to seek German assistance during the Second World War. These should be addressed with reference to the unique way he dealt with ideological and strategic imperatives simultaneously, in a turbulent era. It is true that Bose wanted socialist development in independent India. But he never wanted to follow the Soviet model of socialist experiments. His objective was socialist development rooted in Indian conditions. He clarified his goal further, in an interview with Rajani Palme Dutt in 1938. He said that India would move towards socialist development only after winning independence. His strategy for establishing contacts with the Russians should be viewed from this priority assigned to national freedom. Bose went to Russia before visiting Germany for assistance. (Read More)

Astartling statement on Netaji’s Russian connection was made by the Congress MP Satya Narayan Sinha before the Khosla Commission in 1970. He said that Netaji was in the Soviet prison in Yakutsk in Siberia. He said that in 1954 he was informed about this by Kozlov, a Soviet agent. Kozlov never testified before any Commission of inquiry and as such, Sinha’s statement was treated as hearsay. Nevertheless, it triggered speculation that Bose had perished under unbearable conditions of the Siberian jail or that he was executed by Stalin’s order. Such speculation surfaced once again when an affidavit of 2003, submitted to the Mukherjee Commission, claimed that E N Komorov, Senior Research Professor, Institute of Oriental Studies, Moscow, had said, “Let us take it this way. He [Netaji] was here and he died here.” (Read More)

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